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Code Quality Rank: L4
Monthly Downloads: 64,351
Programming language: PHP
License: BSD 3-clause "New" or "Revised" License
Tags: Debugging And Profiling     Debug     Nette     Debugger     Xdebug     Profiler    
Latest version: v2.7.5

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README

Tracy - PHP debugger

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Introduction

Tracy library is a useful helper for everyday PHP programmers. It helps you to:

  • quickly detect and correct errors
  • log errors
  • dump variables
  • measure execution time of scripts/queries
  • see memory consumption

PHP is a perfect language for making hardly detectable errors because it gives great flexibility to programmers. Tracy\Debugger is more valuable because of that. It is an ultimate tool among the diagnostic ones. If you are meeting Tracy for the first time, believe me, your life starts to be divided into one before the Tracy and the one with her. Welcome to the good part!

Documentation can be found on the website.

Support Project

Do you like Tracy? Are you looking forward to the new features?

Donate

Installation and requirements

The recommended way to is via Composer:

composer require tracy/tracy

Alternatively, you can download the whole package or tracy.phar file.

Tracy compatible with PHP compatible with browsers
Tracy 2.8 PHP 7.2 – 7.4 Chrome 55+, Firefox 53+, MS Edge 16+, Safari 11+ and iOS Safari 11+
Tracy 2.7 PHP 7.1 – 7.4 Chrome 55+, Firefox 53+, MS Edge 16+, Safari 11+ and iOS Safari 11+
Tracy 2.6 PHP 7.1 – 7.4 Chrome 49+, Firefox 45+, MS Edge 14+, Safari 10+ and iOS Safari 10.2+
Tracy 2.5 PHP 5.4 – 7.4 Chrome 49+, Firefox 45+, MS Edge 12+, Safari 10+ and iOS Safari 10.2+
Tracy 2.4 PHP 5.4 – 7.2 Chrome 29+, Firefox 28+, IE 11+ (except AJAX), MS Edge 12+, Safari 9+ and iOS Safari 9.2+

Usage

Activating Tracy is easy. Simply add these two lines of code, preferably just after library loading (like require 'vendor/autoload.php') and before any output is sent to browser:

use Tracy\Debugger;

Debugger::enable();

The first thing you will notice on the website is a Debugger Bar.

(If you do not see anything, it means that Tracy is running in production mode. For security reasons, Tracy is visible only on localhost. You may force Tracy to run in development mode by passing the Debugger::DEVELOPMENT as the first parameter of enable() method.)

The enable() involves changing the error reporting level to E_ALL.

Debugger Bar

The Debugger Bar is a floating panel. It is displayed in the bottom right corner of a page. You can move it using the mouse. It will remember its position after the page reloading.

Debugger-Bar

You can add other useful panels to the Debugger Bar. You can find interesting ones in addons or you can create your own.

If you do not want to show Debugger Bar, set:

Debugger::$showBar = false;

Visualization of errors and exceptions

Surely, you know how PHP reports errors: there is something like this in the page source code:

<b>Parse error</b>:  syntax error, unexpected '}' in <b>HomepagePresenter.php</b> on line <b>15</b>

or uncaught exception:

<b>Fatal error</b>:  Uncaught Nette\MemberAccessException: Call to undefined method Nette\Application\UI\Form::addTest()? in /sandbox/vendor/nette/utils/src/Utils/ObjectMixin.php:100
Stack trace:
#0 /sandbox/vendor/nette/utils/src/Utils/Object.php(75): Nette\Utils\ObjectMixin::call(Object(Nette\Application\UI\Form), 'addTest', Array)
#1 /sandbox/app/forms/SignFormFactory.php(32): Nette\Object-&gt;__call('addTest', Array)
#2 /sandbox/app/presenters/SignPresenter.php(21): App\Forms\SignFormFactory-&gt;create()
#3 /sandbox/vendor/nette/component-model/src/ComponentModel/Container.php(181): App\Presenters\SignPresenter-&gt;createComponentSignInForm('signInForm')
#4 /sandbox/vendor/nette/component-model/src/ComponentModel/Container.php(139): Nette\ComponentModel\Container-&gt;createComponent('signInForm')
#5 /sandbox/temp/cache/latte/15206b353f351f6bfca2c36cc.php(17): Nette\ComponentModel\Co in <b>/sandbox/vendor/nette/utils/src/Utils/ObjectMixin.php</b> on line <b>100</b><br />

It is not so easy to navigate through this output. If you enable Tracy, both errors and exceptions are displayed in a completely different form:

Uncaught exception rendered by Tracy

The error message literally screams. You can see a part of the source code with the highlighted line where the error occurred. A message clearly explains an error. The entire site is interactive, try it.

And you know what? Fatal errors are captured and displayed in the same way. No need to install any extension (click for live example):

Fatal error rendered by Tracy

Errors like a typo in a variable name or an attempt to open a nonexistent file generate reports of E_NOTICE or E_WARNING level. These can be easily overlooked and/or can be completely hidden in a web page graphic layout. Let Tracy manage them:

Notice rendered by Tracy

Or they may be displayed like errors:

Debugger::$strictMode = true; // display all errors
Debugger::$strictMode = E_ALL & ~E_DEPRECATED & ~E_USER_DEPRECATED; // all errors except deprecated notices

Notice rendered by Tracy

In order to detect misspellings when assigning to an object, we use trait Nette\SmartObject.

Content Security Policy

If your site uses Content Security Policy, you'll need to add 'nonce-<value>' to script-src and eventually the same nonce to style-src for Tracy to work properly. Some 3rd plugins may require additional directives. Avoid adding 'unsafe-inline' & 'unsafe-eval' in production mode, if you can.

Configuration example for Nette Framework:

http:
    csp:
        script-src: nonce
        style-src: nonce

Faster loading

The basic integration is straightforward, however if you have slow blocking scripts in web page, they can slow the Tracy loading. The solution is to place <?php Tracy\Debugger::renderLoader() ?> into your template before any scripts:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
    <title>...<title>
    <?php Tracy\Debugger::renderLoader() ?>
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="assets/style.css">
    <script src="https://code.jquery.com/jquery-3.1.1.min.js"></script>
</head>

AJAX and redirected requests

Tracy is able to show Debug bar and Bluescreens for AJAX and redirected requests. You just have to start session before Tracy:

session_start();
Debugger::enable();

In case you use non-standard session handler, you can start Tracy immediately (in order to handle any errors), then initialize your session handler and then inform Tracy that session is ready to use via dispatch():

Debugger::enable();

// initialize session handler
session_start();

Debugger::dispatch();

Opening files in the editor

When the error page is displayed, you can click on file names and they will open in your editor with the cursor on the corresponding line. Files can also be created (action create file) or bug fixed in them (action fix it). In order to do this, you need to configure the browser and the system.

Production mode and error logging

As you can see, Tracy is quite eloquent. It is appreciated in a development environment, but on a production server, it would cause a disaster. Any debugging information cannot be listed there. Therefore Tracy has an environment autodetection and logging functionality. Instead of showing herself, Tracy stores information into a log file and shows the visitor a user-comprehensible server error message:

Server Error 500

Production output mode suppresses all debugging information which is sent out via dump() or Debugger::fireLog(), and of course all error messages generated by PHP. So, even if you forget dump($obj) in the source code, you do not have to worry about it on your production server. Nothing will be seen.

The output mode is set by the first parameter of Debugger::enable(). You can specify either a constant Debugger::PRODUCTION or Debugger::DEVELOPMENT. Other option is to set it up in a way, that development mode will be on when the application is accessed from a defined IP address with a defined value of tracy-debug cookie. The syntax used to achieve this is cookie-value@ip-address.

If it is not specified, the default value Debugger::DETECT is used. In this case, the system detects a server by IP address. The production mode is chosen if an application is accessed via a public IP address. A local IP address leads to development mode. It is not necessary to set the mode in most cases. The mode is correctly recognized when you are launching the application on your local server or in production.

In the production mode, Tracy automatically captures all errors and exceptions into a text log. Unless you specify otherwise, it will be stored in log/error.log. This error logging is extremely useful. Imagine, that all users of your application are actually betatesters. They are doing cutting-edge work for free when hunting bugs and you would be silly if you threw away their valuable reports to a recycle bin unnoticed.

If you need to log your own messages or caught exceptions, use the method log():

Debugger::log('Unexpected error'); // text message

try {
    criticalOperation();
} catch (Exception $e) {
    Debugger::log($e); // log exception
    // or
    Debugger::log($e, Debugger::ERROR) // also sends an email notification
}

A directory for errors logging can be set by the second parameter of the enable() method:

Debugger::enable(Debugger::DETECT, __DIR__ . '/mylog');

If you want Tracy to log PHP errors like E_NOTICE or E_WARNING with detailed information (HTML report), set Debugger::$logSeverity:

Debugger::$logSeverity = E_NOTICE | E_WARNING;

For a real professional the error log is a crucial source of information and he or she wants to be notified about any new error immediately. Tracy helps him. She is capable of sending an email for every new error record. The variable $email identifies where to send these e-mails:

Debugger::$email = 'admin@example.com';

If you use the Nette Framework, you can set this and others in the configuration file.

To protect your e-mail box from flood, Tracy sends only one message and creates a file email-sent. When a developer receives the e-mail notification, he checks the log, corrects his application and deletes the email-sent monitoring file. This activates the e-mail sending again.

Variable dumping

Every debugging developer is a good friend with the function var_dump, which lists all contents of any variable in detail. Unfortunately, its output is without HTML formatting and outputs the dump into a single line of HTML code, not to mention context escaping. It is necessary to replace the var_dump with a more handy function. That is just what dump() is.

$arr = [10, 20.2, true, null, 'hello'];

dump($arr);
// or Tracy\Dumper::dump($arr);

generates the output:

dump

You can also change the nesting depth by Dumper::$maxDepth, displayed strings length by Dumper::$maxLength, maximum number of items by Dumper::$maxItems and other options. Naturally, lower values accelerate Tracy rendering.

use Tracy\Dumper;

Dumper::$maxDepth = 2; // default: 7
Dumper::$maxLength = 50; // default: 150
Dumper::$maxItems = 50; // default: 100
Dumper::$keysToHide = ['password']; // default: []
Dumper::$theme = 'dark'; // default: light

The Dumper::$showLocation function can display useful location information (default is true in HTML mode):

Dumper::$showLocation = true; // shows tooltip with path to the file, where the dump() was called, and tooltips for every dumped objects
Dumper::$showLocation = Dumper::LOCATION_CLASS; // shows only tooltips for every dumped object containing path to the file
Dumper::$showLocation = false; // hides all location information

Very handy alternative to dump() is dumpe() (ie. dump and exit) and bdump(). This allows us to dump variables in Debugger Bar. This is useful, because dumps don't mess up the output and we can also add a title to the dump.

bdump([2, 4, 6, 8], 'even numbers up to ten');
bdump([1, 3, 5, 7, 9], 'odd numbers up to ten');

bar dump

Timing

Another useful tool is the debugger stopwatch with a precision of microseconds:

Debugger::timer();

// sweet dreams my cherrie
sleep(2);

$elapsed = Debugger::timer();
// $elapsed = 2

Multiple measurements at once can be achieved by an optional parameter.

Debugger::timer('page-generating');
// some code

Debugger::timer('rss-generating');
// some code

$rssElapsed = Debugger::timer('rss-generating');
$pageElapsed = Debugger::timer('page-generating');
Debugger::timer(); // runs the timer

... // some time-consuming operation

echo Debugger::timer(); // elapsed time in seconds

FireLogger

You cannot always send debugging information to the browser window. This applies to AJAX requests or generating XML files to output. In such cases, you can send the messages by a separate channel into FireLogger. Error, Notice and Warning levels are sent to FireLogger window automatically. It is also possible to log suppressed exceptions in running application when attention to them is important.

How to do it?

  • install extension FireLogger for Chrome
  • turn on Chrome DevTools (using Ctrl-Shift-I key) and open Console

Navigate to the demo page and you will see messages sent from PHP.

Because Tracy\Debugger communicates with FireLogger via HTTP headers, you must call the logging function before the PHP script sends anything to output. It is also possible to enable output buffering and delay the output.

use Tracy\Debugger;

Debugger::fireLog('Hello World'); // send string into FireLogger console

Debugger::fireLog($_SERVER); // or even arrays and objects

Debugger::fireLog(new Exception('Test Exception')); // or exceptions

The result looks like this:

FireLogger

Custom Logger

We can create a custom logger to log errors, uncatched exceptions, and also be called by Tracy\Debugger::log(). Logger implements the interface Tracy\ILogger.

use Tracy\ILogger;

class SlackLogger implements ILogger
{
    public function log($value, $priority = ILogger::INFO)
    {
        // sends a request to Slack
    }
}

And then we activate it:

Tracy\Debugger::setLogger(new SlackLogger);

If we use the full Nette Framework, we can set it in the NEON configuration file:

services:
    tracy.logger: SlackLogger

nginx

If Tracy does not work on nginx, it is probably misconfigured. If there is something like

try_files $uri $uri/ /index.php;

change it to

try_files $uri $uri/ /index.php$is_args$args;

Integrations

This is a list of unofficial integrations to other frameworks and CMS:

... feel free to be famous, create an integration for your favourite platform!


*Note that all licence references and agreements mentioned in the Tracy README section above are relevant to that project's source code only.